COM 610

This page has been created to exhibit my project for COM 610, Queens University of Charlotte, 2017. Below is the blog post that constitutes the first two sections of my project and below that is a link to the second two sections of my project.

Hierarchical churches – Ideological or Faith-Driven? Using Classical Management Theory as a Framework for Mission

In my Organizational Textual Analysis Project, I will look at the leadership aspect of organizing in an Episcopal Church diocese (a geographical grouping of local congregations with a bishop as chief pastor) reflected in the Constitution of the Episcopal Diocese of Upper South Carolina. Through ideological analysis I will examine whether classical management in a hierarchical organization can be interpreted as faith-driven leadership.

Introduction/Rationale – Framework and Contextualization

The structure behind hierarchical Christian Church denominations dates back to the early Church and even to pagan times (Prichard, 2009). One goal of a Church hierarchy is to protect the apostolic succession, the idea that hands have been laid on all clergy since St. Peter. This succession guarantees the sanctity of the priesthood and assures the continued following of the apostles’ teaching. Today, various denominations operate under a hierarchical framework, though each varies in its current interpretation of hierarchy.

Understanding the organizational communication style conveyed through the Constitution of The Episcopal Diocese of Upper South Carolina is a helpful exercise for all members of episcopal (hierarchical) denominations, as well as all Americans. The democratic model of governance of The Episcopal Church exhibits some significant differences from that of the United States Government, but contains enough similarities with model of Federal and State Governments to be a useful tool for comparison and learning of democratic practices.

This project increases understanding of the role a hierarchical church governance system aids in furthering the mission of the Church, as well as how it fits within the United States system of governance. It will offer an opportunity for reflection on organized community. In this paper we will examine the leadership aspect in organizational management in The Episcopal Church (The Protestant Episcopal Church in America) in particular, through the Constitution of one of its dioceses, The Episcopal Diocese of Upper South Carolina (EDUSC).

This project will increase understanding of how hierarchical churches, loyal to a governance system are able to exhibit faith-driven leadership. Avis (2016) states “ecclesiology, polity and church law, informed by the insights of political philosophy, serve the graced life of the Church in its worship, service and mission” (p. 2). Can classical management, as expressed through canon law, be interpreted as faith-driven leadership?

Introduction and Rationale – Literature Review

Canon law guides The Episcopal Church and each of its dioceses under a constitution. It includes the spiritual and the legal guidelines, which govern leadership and organizational management (Kemp, 2012). According to Kemp (2012) canon law is, from ancient times, geographical in origin and application. He explains that in the sixth century in the East, civil law and canon law became closely mixed together (Kemp, 2012). In the West the breakdown of secular authority allowed the Church a place in directing the public order. It became a force for control and keeping the peace, influenced greatly by Roman civil law (Kemp, 2012). Though church law became a method for enforcing order, it was also intended to help people follow God’s will while living in community.

But the modern Church, according to Doe (2013) does not train clergy in canon law. It is not part of seminary curriculum. How, then, are clergy to be prepared to work themselves under the law, as well as guide their parishioners in such a life? Avis (2016) argues that church governance and structure can be a limiting force in ecumenical dialogue, separating clergy over theological issues as expressed in the law. But if clergy are not well versed in the canon law of their denominations, polity as theology causes separation.

The hierarchy of the heavens guides the Church through time. When classical management is imposed upon the governance of the hierarchical church it becomes a situation in which leadership is looking for the greatest benefit to themselves and not to serve God (Losel, 2006).


Avis, P. (2016). Polity and polemics: The function of ecclesiastical polity in theology and practice. Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 18(1), 2-13. doi:

Doe, N. (2013). The teaching of church law: An ecumenical exploration worldwide.Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 15(3), 267-292. doi:

Kemp, E. (2012). The spirit of the canon law and its application in england. Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 14(1), 5-19. doi:

Lösel, S. (2006). Guidance from the gaps: The holy spirit, ecclesial authority, and the principle of juxtaposition. Scottish Journal of Theology, 59(2), 140-158. Retrieved from

Prichard, R. W. (2009). Courts, covenants, and canon law: A review of legal and canonical issues facing the general convention. Anglican and Episcopal History, 78(1), 9-29. Retrieved from

Theoretical Framework and Methodology

Please see the link to my references, as well as theoretical framework and methodology here – GravesCarrie_Week4Assignment_092417

Findings and Implications

Below is the final third of my project for COM 610, Queens University of Charlotte. This is the Findings and Implication section in presentation form. Take a look at the symbols below? What is your critical reading of them? Do they go together? Are they separate, competing, etc.?